| Collecting information | Writing
| Organizing | Integrating
borrowed information | Editing
& Proofreading | Falcon
Skills & Style Handbook |
This document is a brief
research paper. It is one of the two main pieces of writing in your
project. It is not a place for you to express your opinion. It is
a serious paper that shows your ability to use secondary resources
in writing. Before you write, you must gather sources. Knowing
how to research a topic is another important skill.
- In addition to your personal interview, three
other sources of information are required. You may go beyond these
three. These secondary sources are what you use to write this historical
overview. The results from your interview do not go in this document.
- You may not cite your history textbook or an
encyclopedia even though you may start there for general background
- Of the first three sources, only one may
be a web page. Other appropriate print sources are books, journals
(web journals are also fine), historical society documents, or other
similar scholarly resources. Ask your teacher if you are in doubt
about the credibility of a source. Popular magazines are generally
not good resources. Make sure any web site you use is credible (.com
sites are generally not credible).
- As you find credible sources, it is important
to document them right away, so that later, your annotated bibliography
will be very easy to do. You need to record all the pertinent
information to be used in your annotated bibliography. There
is a space on your dialectic notes form to make the source citation.
Check your MLA guide for exactly how to cite a specific type of
- Great site for research:
Voice of the
from your sources is a must. How you and your partner decide to do that
is up to you. (SFHS students will be using dialectic notes form). You must be precise when you quote information directly
(quotations need to be transcribed word for word) Put quotation marks
around passages you take word for word to remind you that they are
When you paraphrase or summarize, you must document that information, too.
Copy and paste the dialectic notes form
into Word. You need a separate sheet for each source.
Learn how to integrate
the information from your sources into the text of your historical
- Avoiding plagiarism should be of primary concern
to you. NEVER copy and paste without citing the source.
Using the P.A.S.T.E.© system
to collect data
The P.A.S.T.E. system will help you connect your
research topic to five key historical and social markers: politics,
arts/entertainment, society, technology, and the economy. Using it as a
research tool will help you do a complete search for information by
finding three connecting points for each of the five P.A.S.T.E. points.
Please see the link below for getting your P.A.S.T.E.
organizer or get it from your teacher.
Writing the Historical overview
This section of your multigenre project is like a
traditional research paper and it shows your reader that you are able to
find and use credible sources of information to develop a subject in
writing. Because it is one of the keystones of your project, it will be of
significant length. It should also be scholarly in tone. It is also to be
written in third person only.
While less creative than some of your other pieces of
writing in this project, this genre will also require your best mental
effort. The research process requires you to stay focused on your subject
as you look for materials and to maintain an organized and effective
record keeping (note taking) system as you transfer the information into
Writing this piece is almost like assembling a puzzle.
The difference between assembling this puzzle and a typical jigsaw
puzzle is that the idea for the end result is in your head and not on the
top of the box. And the idea about what the end result will be may change
as you write.
Because this historical overview is an important part
of your research project, you will not want to skimp on the details. Your
historical overview should be 650-800 words long.
One method of organization you can use for your
historical overview is to begin with an introductory paragraph that
thesis (statement of main idea). Then, organize succeeding paragraphs
according to your P.A.S.T.E. map, choosing to arrange them in a logical
order, such as order of importance.
Introduction that includes thesis
Background paragraph that includes basic who, what,
when, where, why and how.
2-3 paragraphs that develop topics
from your P.A.S.T.E. map (one of the topics per paragraph)
Remember to maintain a logical
fluency by using
More words does not always mean better writing. Read
for fluency. If your sentence sounds awkward, it is. If it doesn't make
sense to you, it won't make sense to your reader.
Don't forget to
proofread carefully before you publish this and all your work.
help from Mrs. Schulze
Source Material and Using Parenthetical Documentation
New in 2008: More
help with integrating outside information
For this part of your multigenre project, you will need
to use the information you got from your Internet and print resources.
There are three basic ways to weave this information into your own
writing: a direct quotation, a summary, and a paraphrase. See the guide
Purdue OWL for help.
There is also a section in the
Falcon Skills & Style Handbook that will help you with integrating
source material into your writing and with documenting your sources.
Model phrases to use when weaving in source material:
Direct Quotation: a
direct quotation is when a writer cites a short passage from the original
text, word for word. When the writer finds he or she cannot state it
better, a direct quotation is appropriate. Quotations are punctuated with
Summary: a summary is
when a writer condenses the passage so it exists in a shorter form. Some
phrasing may change, but most will be original text.
paraphrase is when a writer has put a passage from a source into his or
her own words.
For each quotation, summary, or paraphrase, you must
cite the source of the information. The Purdue guide is a great help. See
the Indiana University site for help in
recognizing acceptable and unacceptable paraphrases.
P.A.S.T.E. system graphic
organizer (PDF file)